THE SKIING PARTY AT OBSIDIAN CLIFF
"In August, 1883, President Arthur with the Secretary of War, Lieutenant-General Sheridan of the Army, Senator Vest, and several other distinguished officers and civilians visited the Park in the most elaborate pack-train expedition that has ever been enrolled. The route lay from Green River on the Union Pacific E. E., to Livingston on the Northern Pacific Railway. F. Jay Haynes, at that time Official Photographer of the Park, procured many interesting photographs of the party and the places they saw on this famous expedition.
Winter Exploration in 1887. — In January, 1887,the first successful winter exploration of the Yellowstone region was made. Lieutenant Frederick Schwatka of Arctic fame headed the party consisting of several eastern men, F. Jay Haynes, photographer, and a corps of guides, packers and assistants. Their outfit consisted of astronomical instruments, photographic equipment, sleeping bags and provisions which were drawn on toboggans; the party used Norwegian skis and Canadian web snowshoes,but the snow was so light that they sank readily and the toboggans were exceedingly difficult to draw. It took three days to cover the twenty miles from Mammoth to Norris Basin and the temperature the first night at Indian Creek was 37 degrees below zero.”